December 9, 2004: Headlines: Congress: CRS: Expansion: Legislation: CRS: CRS Report: As it considers authorization and Foreign Operations appropriations legislation in 2005, Congress will likely debate the level of funding required to support expansion of the Peace Corps and may continue the 2004 discussion of Peace Corps policies regarding the safety and security of volunteers.

Peace Corps Online: Peace Corps News: Library: Peace Corps: Congress: Congressional Relations: December 9, 2004: Headlines: Congress: CRS: Expansion: Legislation: CRS: CRS Report: As it considers authorization and Foreign Operations appropriations legislation in 2005, Congress will likely debate the level of funding required to support expansion of the Peace Corps and may continue the 2004 discussion of Peace Corps policies regarding the safety and security of volunteers.

By Admin1 (admin) (pool-151-196-48-182.balt.east.verizon.net - 151.196.48.182) on Friday, January 28, 2005 - 9:38 pm: Edit Post

CRS Report: As it considers authorization and Foreign Operations appropriations legislation in 2005, Congress will likely debate the level of funding required to support expansion of the Peace Corps and may continue the 2004 discussion of Peace Corps policies regarding the safety and security of volunteers.

CRS Report: As it considers authorization and Foreign Operations appropriations legislation in 2005, Congress will likely debate the level of funding required to support expansion of the Peace Corps and may continue the 2004 discussion of Peace Corps policies regarding the safety and security of volunteers.

CRS Report: As it considers authorization and Foreign Operations appropriations legislation in 2005, Congress will likely debate the level of funding required to support expansion of the Peace Corps and may continue the 2004 discussion of Peace Corps policies regarding the safety and security of volunteers.

Congressional Research Service ė The Library of Congress CRS Report for Congress

Received through the CRS Web

Order Code RS21168

Updated December 9, 2004

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Curt Tarnoff

Specialist in Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division

Summary

As it considers authorization and Foreign Operations appropriations legislation in 2005, Congress will likely debate the level of funding required to support expansion of the Peace Corps and may continue the 2004 discussion of Peace Corps policies regarding the safety and security of volunteers.

Generally viewed positively by the public and widely supported in Congress, the Peace Corps, the U.S. agency that provides volunteer skills internationally, has drawn congressional attention in recent years largely due to two issues - a Presidential initiative to significantly expand the size of the agency and reports raising concerns regarding the safety and security of volunteers.

In his State of the Union speech to Congress on January 29, 2002, President Bush announced a proposal to double the size of the Peace Corps within five years from its January 2002 level of about 7,000, bringing it closer than it has been in decades to its 1966 peak of 15,556. Under the plan, by FY2007, the Peace Corps budget would be more than $200 million greater than the FY2002 level. The initiative would also launch new Peace Corps programs in countries lacking one, including more Islamic countries. About 7,733 volunteers currently serve in 71 nations.

Because they live and work at the grassroots level in developing countries, Peace Corps volunteers appear to many Americans to be especially vulnerable to crime. Even before September 11, their safety and security had been a prime concern of the Peace Corps. The threat of anti-American terrorism has increased those concerns. In 2003, the Dayton (Ohio) Daily News ran a series of reports highlighting - many former volunteers say exaggerating - the dangers potentially faced by volunteers, and suggested that the agency was failing in its obligation to provide adequate security.

Background

Founded in 1961, the Peace Corps has sought to meet its legislative mandate of promoting world peace and friendship by sending American volunteers to serve at the grassroots level in villages and towns in all corners of the globe. Living and working with ordinary people, volunteers have contributed in a variety of capacities - such as teachers, foresters, health promoters, and small business advisers - to improving the lives of those they serve and helping others understand American culture. They also seek to share their understanding of other countries with Americans back home through efforts like the Paul D. Coverdell World Wise School program, which links serving volunteers with U.S. elementary school classrooms. To date, more than 170,000 Peace Corps volunteers have served in 137 countries.

In addition to its basic two-year tour of duty, the Peace Corps introduced in 1996 a Crisis Corps, drawing on former volunteers to provide short-term (up to six months) emergency and humanitarian assistance at the community level with NGOs, relief, and other development organizations. More than 550 Crisis Corps volunteers have served in 39 countries.

Congressional Actions

Expansion Authorization.

Despite repeated efforts during the past three years, Congress adjourned in December 2004 without enacting a new Peace Corps authorization. Twice in 2002, the Senate approved a Peace Corps Charter for the 21st Century Act (S. 2667 and S. 12) authorizing appropriations that would double the size of the Peace Corps. The House did not act on a similar version (H.R. 4979). In July 2003, the Senate began, but did not complete, floor debate on S. 925 (S.Rept. 108-39), the State Department authorization for FY2004, which included Peace Corps expansion legislation nearly identical to the 2002 Senate-approved bills except for altered authorization amounts and the requirement of a plan on increasing the number of volunteers. On July 16, 2003, the House approved H.R. 1950, its version of the State Department authorization, amended to include H.R. 2441 (H.Rept. 108-205), which contains Peace Corps expansion legislation. On February 27, 2004, another State Department authorization bill containing Peace Corps legislation, S. 2144, was introduced. With the exception of funding levels, the Peace Corps provisions of S. 2144 were identical to S. 925.

S. 2144 and H.R. 1950 shared many features. Chiefly, both bills supported an expanded volunteer force by authorizing appropriations to the year FY2007. Both bills required that volunteers be trained in the education, prevention, and treatment of infectious diseases so that they could convey this knowledge during their service. They established a number of reporting requirements, including reports to Congress on how the Agency planned to increase the number of volunteers, new agency initiatives, country security concerns, student loans, and recruitment of volunteers for priority countries. The two bills reaffirmed the Peace Corpsí status as an independent agency. Both pieces of legislation focused attention on returned volunteers (RPCVs). They required that some members of a revived Advisory Council be RPCVs. Both bills urged that RPCVs be utilized to open or reopen programs in Muslim countries.

The two bills differed in several ways. Their authorization levels were slightly different (see table). H.R. 1950 required more reports - on federal equal opportunity programs and on medical screening procedures and health considerations for putting volunteers in a country. It required that recruiting be the responsibility of the Peace Corps; the Senate bill required that it be "primarily" its responsibility. H.R. 1950 raised the minimum readjustment allowance provided volunteers at completion of service from $125 for each month served to $275 in FY2004 and $300 thereafter, while S. 2144 raised it to $275 only (volunteers currently receive $225). Under H.R. 1950, the Advisory Council would have 11 members, 6 of whom are RPCVs; S. 2144 would have 7 members, including 4 RPCVs. The latter measure required regular meetings and an annual report from the Council on its functions. Both bills authorized establishment of an annual grant program to help RPCVs implement small projects - in S. 2144 eligible projects had to meet the so-called "third goal" of the Peace Corps (promoting an understanding of other peoples by Americans); in H.R. 1950 they could meet all Peace Corps goals. For this purpose, S. 2144 authorized the Corporation for National and Community Service to utilize $10 million in funds additional to the regular Corporation budget; H.R. 1950 authorized the Peace Corps Director to allocate the grants which are additional to the Peace Corps budget (or the role could be delegated to the Corporation). H.R. 1950 required that the number of Crisis Corps volunteers be expanded to at least 120 in FY2004, 140 in FY2005, 160 in FY2006, and 165 in FY2007. It also contained a declaration of support for the Bush goal of doubling the Peace Corps by FY2007.

Appropriations.

The FY2005 Omnibus Appropriations legislation approved in December 2004 (H.R. 4818) provides $320 million for the Peace Corps, $10 million less than the House bill (H.Rept. 108-599) and $10 million more than the Senate bill (S. 2812, S.Rept. 108-346). Following a 0.83% across-the-board rescission, the actual Peace Corps appropriation will be $317.3 million. This final appropriation is about $84 million less than the Presidentís $401 million request, an amount which matched the Administrationís original expansion goals.

Safety and Security Legislation.

Following hearings held by the House International Relations Committee, the House approved H.R. 4060 on June 1. The Health, Safety, and Security of Peace Corps Volunteers Act of 2004 (H.Rept. 108-481) sought to address some security concerns by statutorily establishing the already-existing Office of Safety and Security in the Peace Corps and creating an Ombudsman position to handle volunteer complaints. The bill also required reports on screening procedures used to determine the psychological fitness of those seeking to serve as volunteers, and a report on the "five year rule" that limits the length of Peace Corps staff employment and which is regarded as one reason for high staff turnover and loss of institutional memory on safety and security issues. Although the Senate Foreign Relations Committee also held hearings on the issue, no safety and security legislation was approved in the Senate in 2004.

Issues for Congress

Budget Issues. After three years of appropriations, it is clear that the original Administration plan to double the size of the Peace Corps over five years will not be met. Meeting that goal would have meant a significant increase in its budget over the same period, presumably to be maintained for years thereafter. By FY2007, the Peace Corps appropriation was expected to be more than $200 million greater than FY2002. While the various House- and Senate-approved authorization bills would have met or slightly surpassed the Administration proposal, Congress has had to weigh whether sufficient funds were available vis-a-vis other foreign aid priorities - such as HIV/AIDS, terrorism, and child survival - to warrant appropriating the amounts requested by the Administration. Despite the apparent popularity of the Peace Corps, constraints on spending combined with the pull of other priorities has undermined the rapid expansion plan. However, it is possible that a doubling of the Peace Corps may still occur, albeit over a longer time frame.

Proposed Peace Corps Budget: FY2003-FY2007 Fiscal Year 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Appropriation ($ mil) 278.9 295 (317) 308 (359) 317(401) 443 485 S. 2144 - - - 351 443 485 H.R. 1950 - 365 366.87 411.80 455.93 499.40 Total Volunteers 6,636 7,533 7,733 (12,000) (13,600) (14,000)

Source: Peace Corps and CRS. FY2002 figure includes $3.9 million Emergency Response Fund transfer. FY2003-5 figures reflect across-the-board rescissions. Original appropriation was $297 million, $310 million and $320 million respectively. Figures in parentheses are original expansion request. Total volunteers are number at end of the fiscal year and, for FY2005 forward, anticipated number if expansion appropriation is met. Under original expansion initiative, FY2003 volunteer number target was 8,200; FY2004 target was 10,000.

From the beginning, the expansion initiative ran into resistance. In providing only $285 million for the Peace Corps in its FY2003 appropriations legislation, Senate appropriators noted in report language (S.Rept. 107-219) that the expansion plan was "overly-ambitious," suggesting it may have to be drawn out over more than five years. In the end, Congress appropriated $297 million, $295.069 after applying a 0.65% acrossthe- board rescission, $22 million less than the request (taking the rescission into account). The FY2004 appropriation, after an across-the-board rescission, was $50.8 million below the Administration request, and the FY2005 appropriation (after rescission) is $84 million below the request. Although the FY2004 appropriation included a provision allowing up to $15 million to be transferred from the Global HIV/AIDS Initiative account to the Peace Corps for HIV/AIDS-related programs, only $1.2 million was provided in FY2004. As amounts are available until expended, the Peace Corps expects to apply for further funding from the Global account in FY2005. Despite these shortfalls in funding, Congress appears supportive of continued expansion. The FY2005 statement of managers calls for the establishment of new Peace Corps programs in Cambodia and other locations in Asia.

Program and Management Issues.

Even an increase in the size of the Peace Corps more modest than that originally envisioned might exacerbate existing weaknesses or create strains in its operations. As the Peace Corps expands, Congress may pay particular attention to how the agency addresses recruitment, programming, and support of volunteers. In their findings, for example, S. 2144 and H.R. 1950 suggest that the Peace Corps increase its staff and focus on strategic planning. The Senate report on the FY2003 appropriations voiced concern that the quality and effectiveness of volunteers may be compromised absent careful planning, and both authorization bills require that the Director develop a plan for the increase and report on it to Congress annually.

The recruitment of volunteers with appropriate skills and willingness to live in unfamiliar and sometimes uncomfortable conditions is essential to the overall mission of the Peace Corps. In FY2004, 148,216 people expressed an interest in the Peace Corps (up from 94,463 in FY2001), 13,249 actually applied (8,897 in FY2001), and 3,811 became trainees (3,191 in FY2001). Maintaining a high level of volunteer qualification standards while doubling the number accepted may require imaginative and strong measures to expand the applicant pool. A substantial spike in applicants and those expressing interest in applying since September 11, if sustained, may make it easier for the Peace Corps to meet its recruitment goals.

The agency, while adept at recruiting generalists and providing them with sufficient training to carry out useful assignments, has not emphasized the provision of highly skilled professionals, such as doctors, agronomists, or engineers, which, many argue, more accurately reflects the current needs of developing countries. Weighed against this view is the belief that the Peace Corps is an agency of public diplomacy as much as it is a development organization, and personal interaction and demonstration of U.S. values is as important as providing technical expertise. To accommodate more highly skilled personnel, the Peace Corps might have to change many existing practices, including methods of recruitment, training, programming, and perhaps even terms of service.

The Peace Corps has been criticized in the past for providing inadequate programming and support of volunteers. This view was reflected in a 1990 Government Accountability Office (GAO) investigation (Peace Corps: Meeting the Challenges of the 1990s, May 1990, NSIAD-90-122). It noted that some volunteers had little or nothing to do or had spent six or more months developing their own assignments, without benefit of site visits by Peace Corps staff. The GAO attributed the programming problem to a failure of planning, evaluation, and monitoring systems. Since then, the Peace Corps maintains that it has addressed these weaknesses with systematic approaches to project development, annual project reviews, and increased opportunities for site visits and volunteer feedback. However, incidents suggesting poor programming and staff support still occur, although their frequency and depth is not known, and, one sign of volunteer dissatisfaction - the attrition rate - remains arguably high at 30.5% (2002).

Finding sufficient locations for the volunteers is another potential obstacle to expansion. While the Peace Corps could double its size by expanding its numbers in countries it currently serves, the President specifically announced the intention to enter new countries. In FY2003, new programs were opened in Fiji, Swaziland, Albania, Chad, and Azerbaijan. In FY2004, a program was begun in Mexico. Security concerns, however, may limit possible new candidates.

Security Issues.

Among the concerns raised regarding Peace Corps security are that crimes against volunteers have increased. The Dayton Daily News articles that ran in the fall of 2003 assert that the Peace Corps is sending volunteers to places "far more dangerous" than it admits publicly, does not warn volunteers about criminal incidents, and does not supply adequate security training or supervision. It suggests that Peace Corps staff ignore volunteer concerns and provide insufficient support to volunteers who have experienced crime. The GAO has issued two reports since 2002 addressing security issues. While noting improvements by Peace Corps in its more recent report, the GAO has suggested that "some unevenness" in compliance with safety procedures mandated by Peace Corps headquarters likely remains.1

Statistics kept by the Peace Corps, varying from year to year and by type of assault, may be selectively interpreted. Both in absolute terms and when viewed in the context of incidents per 1,000 volunteer years to account for the rise in number of volunteers in this period, they show a large increase in the number of aggravated assaults from 57 in 1993 (9 per 1,000 volunteer years) to 102 in 1999 (16 per 1,000 volunteer years) and then a leveling-off to 87 cases (14 per 1,000 volunteer years) in 2002. Reports of rape rose from 10 incidents in 1993 (3.1 per 1,000 female volunteer years) to a peak of 20 (5.3 per 1,000 female volunteer years) in 1997. Rape events in absolute terms decreased by 40% between 1997 and 2002 to 12 (3.2 per 1,000 female volunteer years). However the numbers are viewed, the GAO points out that, since the number of events is small, there may be some question as to whether the apparent trends are significant.

These statistics also reflect volunteer reporting rates, which likely produce undercounting, and they do not demonstrate whether volunteers are any more or less susceptible to assault than American living in New York or Des Moines. When surveyed in 2002, volunteers themselves reported that they felt safe where they lived (97%), where they worked (99%), and when they traveled (84%).2

In general, the Peace Corps says that it gives the safety and security of its volunteers the highest priority. It has been particularly concerned in recent years with threats of terrorism, crime, and civil strife, and has responded by upgrading communications, testing emergency action plans, and other security measures. Before establishing a new country program, the Peace Corps considers a number of criteria, including the presence of a stable government and effective law enforcement and the absence of anti-American acts of terror in the operational area. Evacuations and closure of missions to insure the wellbeing of volunteers in cases of political instability and civil unrest have constrained the growth of the Peace Corps. In the past ten years, volunteers have been evacuated from at least 27 countries for these reasons, including three attributed to the events of September 11 - Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and the Kyrgyz Republic.

Under the Administrationís expansion proposal, the Peace Corps was expected to enter Afghanistan and other Islamic countries where they do not currently serve. At this time, 20% of all volunteers are serving in countries with Muslim populations of over 40%. In general, the Peace Corps has argued that the close interpersonal relationship between volunteers and members of their host country community helps to make them safe. However, despite the appeal of using Peace Corps volunteers to convey U.S. culture and values directly to the grassroots of Islamic countries, many of these countries of U.S. foreign policy interest might be considered unsafe for Americans over the foreseeable future. Conferees on the FY2002 foreign operations bill, while supporting the concept of Peace Corps entry into Muslim countries, noted their key concern was volunteer safety. Although the Administration announced in 2002 that the goal "will be to deploy...volunteers to Afghanistan as quickly as possible," it also noted that all decisions regarding new country entry "will be made in a manner consistent with the safety and security of volunteers."




1 Government Accountability Office, Peace Corps: Initiatives for Addressing Safety and Security Challenges Hold Promise, but Progress Should be Assessed, GAO-02-818, July 2002, and Peace Corps: Status of Initiatives to Improve Volunteer Safety and Security, GAO-04-600T, March 24, 2004.





When this story was posted in January 2005, this was on the front page of PCOL:

Coleman: Peace Corps mission and expansion Date: January 8 2005 No: 373 Coleman: Peace Corps mission and expansion
Senator Norm Coleman, Chairman of the Senate Subcommittee that oversees the Peace Corps, says in an op-ed, A chance to show the world America at its best: "Even as that worthy agency mobilizes a "Crisis Corps" of former Peace Corps volunteers to assist with tsunami relief, I believe an opportunity exists to rededicate ourselves to the mission of the Peace Corps and its expansion to touch more and more lives."
RPCVs active in new session of Congress Date: January 8 2005 No: 374 RPCVs active in new session of Congress
In the new session of Congress that begins this week, RPCV Congressman Tom Petri has a proposal to bolster Social Security, Sam Farr supported the objection to the Electoral College count, James Walsh has asked for a waiver to continue heading a powerful Appropriations subcommittee, Chris Shays will no longer be vice chairman of the Budget Committee, and Mike Honda spoke on the floor honoring late Congressman Robert Matsui.

January 8, 2005: This Week's Top Stories Date: January 8 2005 No: 367 January 8, 2005: This Week's Top Stories
Zambia RPCV Karla Berg interviews 1,374 people on Peace 7 Jan
Breaking Taboo, Mandela Says Son Died of AIDS 6 Jan
Dreadlocked PCV raises eyebrows in Africa 6 Jan
RPCV Jose Ravano directs CARE's efforts in Sri Lanka 6 Jan
Persuading Retiring Baby Boomers to Volunteer 6 Jan
Inventor of "Drown Proofing" retires 6 Jan
NPCA Membership approves Board Changes 5 Jan
Timothy Shriver announces "Rebuild Hope Fund" 5 Jan
More Water Bottles, Fewer Bullets 4 Jan
Poland RPCV Rebecca Parker runs Solterra Books 2 Jan
Peace Corps Fund plans event for September 30 Dec
RPCV Carmen Bailey recounts bout with cerebral malaria 28 Dec
more top stories...

RPCVs and Peace Corps provide aid  Date: January 4 2005 No: 366 Latest: RPCVs and Peace Corps provide aid
Peace Corps made an appeal last week to all Thailand RPCV's to consider serving again through the Crisis Corps and more than 30 RPCVs have responded so far. RPCVs: Read what an RPCV-led NGO is doing about the crisis an how one RPCV is headed for Sri Lanka to help a nation he grew to love. Question: Is Crisis Corps going to send RPCVs to India, Indonesia and nine other countries that need help?
The World's Broken Promise to our Children Date: December 24 2004 No: 345 The World's Broken Promise to our Children
Former Director Carol Bellamy, now head of Unicef, says that the appalling conditions endured today by half the world's children speak to a broken promise. Too many governments are doing worse than neglecting children -- they are making deliberate, informed choices that hurt children. Read her op-ed and Unicef's report on the State of the World's Children 2005.
Changing of the Guard Date: December 15 2004 No: 330 Changing of the Guard
With Lloyd Pierson's departure, Marie Wheat has been named acting Chief of Staff and Chief of Operations responsible for the day-to-day management of the Peace Corps. Although Wheat is not an RPCV and has limited overseas experience, in her two years at the agency she has come to be respected as someone with good political skills who listens and delegates authority and we wish her the best in her new position.
Our debt to Bill Moyers Our debt to Bill Moyers
Former Peace Corps Deputy Director Bill Moyers leaves PBS next week to begin writing his memoir of Lyndon Baines Johnson. Read what Moyers says about journalism under fire, the value of a free press, and the yearning for democracy. "We have got to nurture the spirit of independent journalism in this country," he warns, "or we'll not save capitalism from its own excesses, and we'll not save democracy from its own inertia."
RPCV safe after Terrorist Attack RPCV safe after Terrorist Attack
RPCV Gina Abercrombie-Winstanley, the U.S. consul general in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia survived Monday's attack on the consulate without injury. Five consular employees and four others were killed. Abercrombie-Winstanley, the first woman to hold the position, has been an outspoken advocate of rights for Arab women and has met with Saudi reformers despite efforts by Saudi leaders to block the discussions.
Is Gaddi Leaving? Is Gaddi Leaving?
Rumors are swirling that Peace Corps Director Vasquez may be leaving the administration. We think Director Vasquez has been doing a good job and if he decides to stay to the end of the administration, he could possibly have the same sort of impact as a Loret Ruppe Miller. If Vasquez has decided to leave, then Bob Taft, Peter McPherson, Chris Shays, or Jody Olsen would be good candidates to run the agency. Latest: For the record, Peace Corps has no comment on the rumors.
The Birth of the Peace Corps The Birth of the Peace Corps
UMBC's Shriver Center and the Maryland Returned Volunteers hosted Scott Stossel, biographer of Sargent Shriver, who spoke on the Birth of the Peace Corps. This is the second annual Peace Corps History series - last year's speaker was Peace Corps Director Jack Vaughn.

Read the stories and leave your comments.






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Story Source: CRS

This story has been posted in the following forums: : Headlines; Congress; CRS; Expansion; Legislation

PCOL16029
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By RPCV (165.121.128.98) on Saturday, January 29, 2005 - 10:21 pm: Edit Post

There should be no expansion. There should be an expansion of expenditures from the Congress to provide former volunteer who were screwed by Peace Corps during their service. These are the folks who went through safety and security issues and Peace Corps refused at the time to acknowledge these attacks, thus aiding and abetting perpetrators of crimes against volunteers who were serving their country and Peace Corps.

These former volunteers are not getting health care for service related rapes, attacks, threats to their lives and other health related issues. They just want to recklessly continue to send people in harms way without accepting responsibility for their wrong doings and ruining the federal careers of many former volunteers. Its a disservice to the program that this Peace Corps and entrenched staffers who never experienced a rape or safety related injury or incident want to continue COVER UP the facts in these cases by increasing budgets and trying to recruit more and more. It is not a quality program when you hurt the people who served them. It is corruption plain and simple.

These volunteers served their country and deserve better. Better than any budget Peace Corps will produce. Better than increases in numbers of volunteers in service.

It is also corruption when the Peace Corps is able to go the hill and these former volunteers who have gone through these issues are blocked from testifying about their service related issues. It is unamerican.

The committee members such as Elaine Chao's husband Mitch McConnell and Senator Leahy's staff people such as Tim Reeser are able to decide increases to the Peace Corps budget without understanding the difficulties these former volunteers have gone through. It is discrimination to exclude a certain group of volunteers from working in development again because they have gone through a safety issue.

The Senate and House cut the Ombudsman's office out of the budget, just like we knew it would. The issues and our voices won't go away. We will haunt the program until you get what we went through in service. People are gathering resources to fight you on all fronts. Just because you did not go through these issues does not mean the Peace Corps should be able discriminate against former volunteers for their service.

The lies and cover up will stop as each one of us continue to come forward in the press, where we won't suppressed by people like the Director of Peace Corps and people like career liars like Barbara Daly. Open Deborah's casse if you aren't corrupt. We won't shut up about the thousands of volunteers who get screwed through wrongful separations, poor planning, and refusal to provide the right care for volunteers.

Go ahead Mitch and Senator Leahy pass it. Give them more money. When you do this, you hurt the dead, the people who were victims of violence, the rape victim and health cases that are unresolved which are safety related.

Continuing to step on the rights of volunteers and american citizens will really hurt the progam.

For Congressman Shays,Farr, Ambassador Hall and Senator Dodd. We will expose you for not following through and doing nothing. We are watching the actions of you and your staff people. Remember, you served in easy assignments and have used your experience to get ahead. However, you use your power to aid Peace Corps in a public relation cover up by not having volunteers have the ability to testify about their problems with the agency. Go ahead and continue to have hearings with former volunteers who are from the NPCA. We will continue to publish our experiences in your local papers such the Hartford Courant and continued articles such as the Dayton Daily.

I think it is like the erosion in the rights of common americans and so called Democrats as they go to the inaugurations and become sycophants to this republican administration. Like Dodd at the inauguartion and arrogance toward former volunteer, Ambassador Assignments yet not helping to get and real investigation and real political will to an Ombudsman's office or Legal rights for the families of dead volunteers and former volunteers who gone through these issues. We need a sixty minutes article to show what Peace Corps has been doing as though it is par for the course, violating the civil rights of volunteers and bullwinkling the families of volunteers who have fallen.

Disgraceful


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