Biography of Peace Corps Director Paul Coverdell by Peru RPCV Hugh Pickens

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Wikipedia Biography of Peace Corps Director Paul Coverdell by Peru RPCV Hugh Pickens

Wikipedia Biography of Peace Corps Director Paul Coverdell by Peru RPCV Hugh Pickens

Paul Coverdell was the 11th Director of the Peace Corps.

Wikipedia Biography of Peace Corps Director Paul Coverdell by Peru RPCV Hugh Pickens

Paul Coverdell
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Paul Douglas Coverdell
Paul Coverdell
United States Senator
from Georgia
In office
January 3, 1993–July 18, 2000
Preceded by Wyche Fowler, Jr.
Succeeded by Zell B. Miller
Born January 20, 1939
Des Moines, Iowa
Died July 18, 2000 (aged 61)
Atlanta, Georgia
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse Nancy Nally Coverdell

Paul Douglas Coverdell (January 20, 1939–July 18, 2000) was a United States Senator from Georgia, elected for the first time in 1992 and re-elected in 1998, and director of the Peace Corps from 1989 until 1991. He died while serving in the Senate of a cerebral hemorrhage.

* 1 Early Life
* 2 Early Elections
o 2.1 Georgia State Senate
o 2.2 State Senate Minority Leader
o 2.3 Congressional Run
o 2.4 State Party Chairman
o 2.5 Connection to George Bush
* 3 Peace Corps Director
o 3.1 World Wise Schools
o 3.2 Peace Corps enters Eastern Europe
o 3.3 Coverdell's Support for the Peace Corps
o 3.4 Controversy over Trips to Georgia
* 4 United States Senator
o 4.1 Election to Senate
o 4.2 Legislative Accomplishments
o 4.3 Re-election in 1998
o 4.4 Role in 2000 Presidential Campaign
o 4.5 Death in Office
* 5 Legacy and Honors
* 6 References
* 7 External links

[edit] Early Life

Coverdell was born in Des Moines, Iowa in 1939.[1]

Coverdell lived much of his childhood in the Midwest and graduated from the University of Missouri in 1961 with a degree in journalism.[1] Coverdell was a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity in college.[2]

Coverdell joined the Army in 1962 and served as a Captain in Okinawa, Taiwan, and Korea.[3]

After completing his service Coverdell settled in Atlanta with his wife, Nancy. Coverdell began a career in insurance,[1] founding the firm Coverdell & Co. Inc. with his father and becoming President of the family business in 1965.[3]

[edit] Early Elections

[edit] Georgia State Senate

Coverdell was unsuccessful in his first attempt to win election to the state senate in 1968 but he ran again and won in 1970[3] representing north Fulton County.

[edit] State Senate Minority Leader

Coverdell began serving as Senate Minority Leader in 1974, a position he held until he left the Georgia Senate in 1989.[3] Coverdell worked with Democrats to accomplish his goals. Roy Barnes, a Democrat who would later be elected Governor of Georgia, said that when he joined the Georgia State Senate, Republican Coverdell took him under his political wing. "He showed that people of different parties could discuss their personal strengths and weaknesses," Barnes said. "I never worried that Paul would disclose anything I said."[1]

During Coverdell's time as Minority Leader he worked for pension reform, supported DUI legislation, and raising the legal drinking age in Georgia.[3]

[edit] Congressional Run

In 1977 Coverdell lost a special election for Andrew Young’s congressional seat to Wyche Fowler.[4]

[edit] State Party Chairman

After Coverdell's loss in 1977, he began working to develop a base for national Republican candidates and a viable statewide Republican Party organization.[5]

In 1985 Coverdell was elected Chairman of the GOP in Georgia.[4]

[edit] Connection to George Bush

In 1978, Coverdell was vacationing in Maine and decided to look up former Chairman of the Republican National Committee George H. W. Bush. Coverdell found Bush's address in a phone book, went to his home, knocked on the door and introduced himself to the future president. Bush and Coverdell became close friends and over the next fourteen years Bush and Coverdell would help each other on a number of occasions.[6]

In 1980, Coverdell was finance chairman in Georgia when Bush first ran for the Republican nomination for President. In 1988, Coverdell was the Southern steering committee chairman for the Bush campaign.[7] Coverdell's efforts paid off in 1988 when Bush carried Georgia's twelve electoral votes.[5] When Bush was elected President, Coverdell sent a letter. "If I can help, I'd like to help," Coverdell wrote.[8] Bush appointed Coverdell to head the Peace Corps.[3]

[edit] Peace Corps Director

Coverdell was sworn in as Director of the Peace Corps on on May 2, 1989 in a ceremony in the Oval Office. At the same time Coverdell stepped down from the Georgia State Senate, a post he had held for 15 years and resigned as president of Coverdell and Co. Inc to devote his time to the Peace Corps.[3]

[edit] World Wise Schools

Coverdell's primary initiative as Peace Corps Director was the creation of the "World Wise Schools" program. The program linked students in the United States with Peace Corps volunteers serving around the world. During the time Coverdell was in office, the World Wise Schools program connected volunteers with 5,000 classrooms in the United States.[3]

[edit] Peace Corps enters Eastern Europe

Coverdell sent the first Peace Corps volunteers to Eastern Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall. On June 15, 1990, President George H. W. Bush hosted a send off for volunteers headed for Poland and Hungary. "The key you carry with you will be the English language -- what Paul calls the language of commerce and understanding. And just as national literacy has long been the key to power, so today English literacy has become the key to progress. Like your liberty, your language came to you as a birthright and a credit to the dreams and sacrifices of those who came before. And today you're investing that birthright in the ancient dreams and the new ideas of faraway peoples and their own nations reborn. Your investment is America's investment in the consolidation of democracy and independence in Central and Eastern Europe. Peace Corps programs in Poland and Hungary, and then soon in Czechoslovakia, are another tangible element of America's sustained commitment to Central and Eastern Europe's democratic transformation toward a Europe whole and free."[9]

[edit] Coverdell's Support for the Peace Corps

After Coverdell was elected to the Senate he continued his support for the Peace Corps and supported legislation to expand it. In testimony before the International Relations Committee in the House of Representatives on March 18, 1998 Coverdell testified that: "I want to point out that the goal of increasing the number of Peace Corps volunteers spans three Presidencies. Under the distinguished leadership of former Director, the late Director Ruppe, the concept of moving toward 10,000 American volunteers throughout the world began to be articulated by the Reagan Administration. During my directorship we continued the pursuit of expanding the volunteer corps. We were there at a rather unique moment in world history, and the emphasis necessarily began to shift to responding to a host of nations experiencing freedom for the first time in nearly half a century, many more years, and so the emphasis began to move toward the opening, as the chairman alluded to, of new country programs. These new countries can be the beneficiary of our activities if we pursue expanding the volunteer corps."[10]

[edit] Controversy over Trips to Georgia

Meanwhile Coverdell had his eye on the Senate Seat held by Wyche Fowler, the man who defeated him in the special election for Congress in 1977. The New York Times reported on September 4, 1991 that Coverdell had resigned as director of the Peace Corps and was considering run for the Senate.[11] There is some controversy over Coverdell's use of the office of Peace Corps Director and his subsequent run for the Senate. The New York Times reported on September 27, 1992 that Coverdell's tenure as head of the Peace Corps was likely to be one of the issues in the 1992 Senate race in Georgia and that Coverdell had been "accused of using the office to plot his political future in Georgia."[12] Returned Peace Corps Volunteer Barbara Ferris, President of the International Women's Democracy Center, said that Coverdell traveled nearly 30 times to Georgia in less than one year saying he was "trying to increase the number of recruits from there" and said that it looked like Coverdell was running his Senate campaign from the Peace Corps.[13] However Charlton Heston, who came to Georgia to campaign on Coverdell's behalf in the Senate election, said, "He served (as Peace Corps director) effectively, but it hardly seemed an ideal launching pad for national elective office."[14]

Many of the claims made against by Coverdell regarding this tenure as Director of the Peace Corps have been advanced by operatives of the Democratic Party, in opposition to Coverdell's long standing leadership of the National Republican party. Although Barbara Ferris served as a former Peace Corps Volunteer and Peace Corps official in Washington, she also ran as a Democrat for the U.S. House of Representatives in 2006 and is poised to run again in 2008.[15]

[edit] United States Senator

[edit] Election to Senate

Coverdell faced an uphill fight and had to campaign in four separate elections to gain his U.S. Senate seat.[5] Coverdell was not a natural campaigner. Senator Phil Gramm, then chairman of the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee, said he was appalled the first time he saw Coverdell speak during the 1992 election. "Paul got up and spoke in that squeaky voice and he sort of had a way of jumping up and down when he was speaking and waving his hands," Gramm said. "But little did I know ... that this man had the heart of a lion.[16]

Facing four other candidates in the Republican primary,[14] Coverdell failed to win 50% of the vote and was forced into a runoff against Bob Barr that he won by only 1,600 votes.[5]

The general election also proved difficult. Fowler beat Coverdell by 30,000 votes but because the Libertarian candidate, Jim Hudson, had won 3 percent of the vote[17]another runoff election was required. Coverdell won the runoff by 20,000 votes, only the second Republican Georgia sent to the Senate since Reconstruction.[14]

President Bush showed his support for Coverdell and Barbara Bush campaigned for Coverdell during the senate race.[3]

[edit] Legislative Accomplishments

Coverdell served on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Agriculture Committee, and Small Business Committee.[5] After the death of Senator John Chafee on October 24, 1999, a seat opened up on the Senate Finance Committee and Coverdell relinquished his seat on the Foreign Relations Committee to fill the seat.[18]

Coverdell sponsored legislation used by millions of Americans to fund college educations for their children[3] now known as Coverdell Education Savings Accounts (CESAs), or previously as Education IRAs. Coverdell ESAs allow money to grow tax deferred and proceeds to be withdrawn tax free for qualified education expenses at a qualified institution.

Coverdell sponsored the Volunteer Protection Act, a law that protects volunteers, nonprofit organizations, and governmental entities from lawsuits when they are involved in charitable and non-profit activities.[3] However critics of the law say that providing immunity to a volunteer who has injured someone as a consequence of his carelessness clashes with the charitable goal of helping others, that nonprofits should be held to the same standard of care as for-profit organizations, and that the Act would not be necessary at all if nonprofits carried adequate general liability insurance.[19]

Coverdell also worked against tax increases, to protect federal lands in national parks, and for humanitarian concerns.[5]

[edit] Re-election in 1998

In 1998, Coverdell, running with the slogan "Coverdell Works," made history by becoming the first Republican from Georgia ever to be re-elected to the U.S. Senate.[20]

[edit] Role in 2000 Presidential Campaign

In 1999 before the an exploratory committee was formed, Coverdell took on the job of liaison between then Governor George H. W. Bush's campaign and the Senate. Early in the campaign, Coverdell's job was to line up Republican senators to endorse Governor Bush instead of Senator John McCain and he succeeded in getting the endorsement of almost every Senate Republican. After Bush locked up the nomination, Coverdell dealt with requests from senators who wanted to talk to Bush "We don't want black holes," Coverdell said. "We want people feeling they are part of the effort. We want to create good will."[21]

[edit] Death in Office

On a trip to Georgia for a weekend of speaking engagements and constituency services, Coverdell complained of a severe headache. Diagnosed as a cerebral hemorrhage, Coverdell underwent surgery at Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta on July 17, 2000. He never regained consciousness and died early on the evening of July 18, 2000 after undergoing serious brain surgery.[3]

More than 50 senators and representatives from both parties joined 900 other mourners at Coverdell's funeral at the Peachtree United Methodist Church in Atlanta. President Bush did not attend, but a family friend read his tribute. "He loved politics and was a clear example of politics being a noble calling," wrote Bush. "He leaves behind a legacy that quiet is good, caring about the other guy matters."[1]

[edit] Legacy and Honors

Coverdell was often described as a quiet, soft-spoken man, but he left profound marks on the governments of both the state of Georgia and the nation in a relatively brief period of time through the Coverdell Education Savings Accounts, which are used by millions of Americans to fund college educations for their children and the establishment of a strong Republican Party in Georgia.

Coverdell left a legacy of civility in government. Political columnist David Broder wrote that Coverdell's "name rarely appeared in the headlines, and his face was not seen on magazine covers or the Sunday TV shows" but that he was admired and cherished by his collegues; Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein remembered that "(Coverdell) was not only a good senator, he was a good and decent man ... a very nice man."; and Senator Olympia Snowe said: "People like Paul Coverdell exist in the world — good, honorable, trustworthy people who call us to our better nature."[16] George H. W. Bush honored Coverdell at the inauguration of the Coverdell Center for Biomedical and Health Sciences on April 6, 2006: "In the Washington world of bitter partisanship, Paul was the voice of reason."[22]

George W. Bush said "Paul Coverdell was a man of unusual abilities and striking character. He spoke with candor when others might hide the unpleasant truth. He was wise and reasonable in a city that often lacks both virtues. He was a man of principle who understood our political system's essential need for compromise. He was respected by both allies and adversaries."[23]

Coverdell's state Senate papers are held by Georgia State University, while his papers from the Peace Corps and United States Senate are housed at the Ina Dillard Russell Library of Georgia College & State University in Milledgeville, which also has a public policy institute named in his honor. The Peace Corps’ headquarters in Washington, D.C., was also named for Coverdell.

Coverdell was survived by his wife, Nancy who later became a presidential elector in 2000 on the Bush-Cheney ticket.[24]

[edit] References

1. ^ a b c d e New York Times. " Paul Coverdell, 61, Dies; Influential Senator From Georgia." July 19, 2000.
2. ^ Phi Kappa Psi History
3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Biography of Paul Coverdell
4. ^ a b History of the Georgia Republican Party
5. ^ a b c d e f New Georgia Encyclopedia: Paul Coverdell (1939-2000)
6. ^ Paul Coverdell, a North Georgia Notable
7. ^ New York Times. "Bush's Senate Liaison Is a Longtime Friend of the Family." June 19, 2000
8. ^ New York Times. "Bush's Senate Liaison Is a Longtime Friend of the Family." June 19, 2000.
9. ^ "June 15, 1990 - Bush Library: Remarks at a White House Ceremony Marking the Entry of the Peace Corps into Central Europe" (transcript of speech by President George Bush)
10. ^ Transcript: 48–753 CC Hearing Before The Committee On International Relations, House Of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, March 18, 1998
11. ^ New York Times. "Leader of Peace Corps Resigns, Official Says." September 4, 1991.
12. ^ New York Times. "Prospects Looking Up For 7 Southern Senators" September 27, 1992.
13. ^ "Your Urgent Action is necessary Now to avoid having the Peace Corps Office named Coverdell!!"
14. ^ a b c National Review. "Marching through Georgia - victory of conservative Republican Paul Coverdell over incumbent liberal Democrat Wyche Fowler in the Georgia senate race" December 28, 1992
15. ^
16. ^ a b "Sen. Coverdell: A peacemaker admired, cherished" by David Broder. July 30, 2000
17. ^ New York Times. "The 1992 Elections: State by State; South" November 5, 1992.
18. ^
19. ^ Nonprofit Coordinating Committee of New York - Volunteer Protection Act of 1997
20. ^ Carole VanSickle (Summer 2006). "Where Talents Converge, By Plan and By Chance". University of Georgia Research Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-08-21.
21. ^ New York Times. "Bush's Senate Liaison Is a Longtime Friend of the Family." June 19, 2000.
22. ^ "Former President George H.W. Bush was the featured speaker at Coverdell Center for Biomedical and Health Sciences"
23. ^ "July 26 - Remarks by President Bush in Bill Signings in honor of Senator Paul Coverdell" (copy of press release from White House, July 27, 2001)
24. ^ U.S. National Archives and Records Administration: Office of the Federal Register. U. S. Electoral College results, 2004 Election

[edit] External links

* Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
* Coverdell papers at GC&SU
* Paul Coverdell Biography of the U. S. Senator from Georgia
* Peace Corps Archive of articles regarding Paul Coverdell

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