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Nepal RPCV Tod Anthony Ragsdale, PhD
Nepal RPCV Tod Anthony Ragsdale, PhD
Tod Anthony Ragsdale, PhD
Socioeconomics, Environment, Development Anthropology
1954 Columbia Road, NW, #203, Washington, DC 20009, USA
Telephone: +1 202 265-6758
Fax: +1 202 265-6823
Specialty Areas Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Social Impact Assessment (SIA), Resettlement Action Plans (RAP), Indigenous and Minority Peoples Development Plans (IPDP/MPDP) — Preparation, Evaluation, Monitoring. Hydropower and other Large Infrastructure Private Sector and Multilateral Agency Development. Community Development, Social Funds, Rural Water and Sanitation, Public Health, Irrigation, Education, Social Forestry.
Tod A. Ragsdale, PhD has more than 20 years of experience in socioeconomics, and applied environment and development anthropology. He has worked for the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, as well as for consulting and engineering firms (Morrison Knudsen, Harza, Electricité de France, Sogreah Consultants, Nippon Koei, Worley, Meritec, Electrowatt), on socioeconomic, cultural and environmental issues surrounding some twenty large-scale development projects. These projects have included Resettlement in, inter alia, India, China, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Philippines, Tajikistan, Jordan, Somalia, and Zambia. Dr. Ragsdale's Services encompassed project preparation, supervision, monitoring, and evaluation. His experience also includes social impact assessment for urban electrification, community development, social funds, indigenous and minority peoples’ development plans, rural water and sanitation, public health, irrigation, education, and social forestry. He has highly developed leadership, research, analytical, and writing skills.
In addition to being a Principal and Co-Founder of MESAS, Dr. Ragsdale has been concurrently a Principal Consultant for PriceWaterhouseCoopers's Management Consulting Services (MCS); Social Development Specialist on the Independent Panel of Experts for the Nam Leuk Hydroelectric Project and for the Zhejiang Shanxi Water Supply Project in Wenzhou, China; conducting a social impact assessment as part of the JICA funded feasibility study of the Nam Ngiep 1 Hydropower Project; involved in the World Bank-funded Hydropower Strategy Study in the Lao PDR; and conducting a Resettlement Action Plan preparation for the ADB-funded Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Project in the PRC, in collaboration with the National Research Center for Resettlement (NRCR) in Nanjing, China.
Education and Training
Doctor of Philosophy in Interdisciplinary South Asia Studies, 1979, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.
Bachelor of Arts in Modern European History, 1964, University of California, Berkeley.
Other training has included: Training in Resettlement Management, Asian Development Bank, Manila (2001); Economic Development Institute, Resettlement & Rehabilitation (R & R) Training at World Bank (1989); Duke University, Program in South Asia Studies (1970-73); American Institute of Indian Studies Summer Language Program Fellowship in Hindi, in New Delhi, India (1971); and American Peace Corps Language Training, Nepali (1965).
International Work Experience Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Lao PDR, China PDR, Vietnam, Cambodia, Tajikistan, Jordan, Somalia, Zambia, Philippines
Languages Fluent English and Nepali, familiarity with Hindi/Urdu, French, Spanish, Italian, and Mandarin Chinese
November 2001 – December 2002. Nippon Keoi Engineers, Social Environmental Expert, for JICA-sponsored Feasibility Study - Kulekhani-III hydropower project, Nepal.
July – October 2002. Staff Consultancy, Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines for Involuntary Resettlement Project Support and Capacity Building. Including ADB involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples policy compliance review; upgrading ADB's section 50 on involuntary resettlement in the Operations Manual, Bank Policy (OP), Operational Procedures (OP), and Guidelines on Operational Procedures (GP), still in process; and perparation of indigenous peoples chapters in ADB;s upcoming Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Environmental Atlas.
August – November 2001. Staff Consultancy, Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines for Involuntary Resettlement Project Support and Capacity Building. Including Review and On-Site Supervision of resettlement plans Laos, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Bangladesh and other Asian countries.
1994 to Present. Multinational Environment and Social Assessment Services (MESAS), Washington DC. Manager, Principal and Co-Founder.
July 2001. Meritec Engineers. Nam Theun 2 Hydropower Project, Lao PDR, Resettlement Expert. [Postponed]
July 2000 – 2002 (commitment). SEDC, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, PRC. ADB-Financed, Zhejiang Shanxi Water Supply Project (Phase I), Resettlement Panel, Resettlement Expert. June 2000 – November 2001.
1997 to Present. PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP, Washington, DC, Principal Consultant: Advise Sri Lanka Public Sector Investment Development Corporation (PSIDC) on social assessment processing of its infrastructure projects through the year 2002; also Bangladesh Infrastructure Development Company (BIDC).
1999 to Present. International Resources Group (IRG), Washington, DC. Task Leader for Environmental and Social Assessments of the USAID Private Sector Hydropower Development Project of the Electricity Develop Centre, Ministry of Water Resources, Nepal.
January – May 2000. ADB financed feasibility study Se San 3 Hydropower Project, Vietnam for Worley Engineers, New Zealand, preparation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Minority Peoples Development Plan (MPDP).
1999 – 2000. Worley Engineers, New Zealand. Sociologist for the World Bank-funded Lao Hydropower Development Strategy Study in the Lao PDR.
1999. Harza Engineers, Chicago, IL. Resettlement Consultant for the ADB Feasibility Study of the Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Project, Shirjiazhuang, Hebei Province, Peoples Republic of China.
1998 through December 1999. SOGREAH Consultants (Grenoble, Fr) for Nippon Koei and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Social Environment Expert Study Team for Nam Ngiep-1 Hydroelectric Power Project in the LAO PDR.
1998. Asian Development Bank, Sociological Advisor, Yunnan Dachaoshan Power Transmission Project (Yunnan Province).
1997 to 2000. Electricite du Laos, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Nam Leuk Hydropower Project, Social Development Specialist for Independent Panel of Experts.
1993 to 1994. World Bank, Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) Team Leader, New Delhi, India: Team Leader (Long Term Consultant): Establishing and managing Involuntary Resettlement Unit.
1990 to 1993. Ragsdale Associates, Washington, DC. Principal, Social Assessment Consultant.
1987 to 1990. World Bank, Environment Assessments and Programs Division (ENVAP), Washington, DC, Long Term Social Assessment Consultant.
1984 to 1987. International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva, Switzerland, Consultant: Case Study of Resettlement of Nomads, Somalia.
1980 to 1984. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC Research Associate; Duke University, Durham, NC, Instructor; North Carolina State University at Raleigh, Instructor: Designed and managed USAID Funded socio-demographic survey of 100,000 resettled nomads in Somalia at UNC's Center for Population Studies (CPC), taught university courses on S. Asia.
1969 to 1979. Ph.D. Research Studies, Duke University and Kaski District, Nepal, Scholar: Conducting Case Study Research in Nepal.
1973 to 1974. Research Scholar, Duke University and Institute of Nepalese and Asian Studies, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal.
1965 to 1968. American Peace Corps Volunteer, Ilam District, Nepal, Community Development Specialist: Establishing preventative health education program and town planning scheme in E. Nepal.
Staff Consultancy, Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines for Involuntary Resettlement Project Support and Capacity Building. July – October 2002. Staff Consultancy, Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines for Involuntary Resettlement Project Support and Capacity Building. Including ADB involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples policy compliance review; upgrading ADB’s section 50 on involuntary resettlement in the Operations Manual, Bank Policy (OP), Operational Procedures (OP), and Guidelines on Operational Procedures (GP), still in process; and preparation of indigenous peoples chapters in ADB’s upcoming Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Environmental Atlas; July 25th Workshop on Indigenous Peoples/Ethnic Minorities and Poverty Reduction in the Philippines.
August – November 2001. Including Review and On-Site Supervision of resettlement plans Laos, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Philippines and other Asian countries. Ongoing, W. Bengal Corridor Project, Sri Lanka Southern Transport desk reviews. Aug-Sept – Field visit review of Secondary towns Urban Development Project, ADB Loan 1525-Lao (SF).
Nippon Keoi Engineers, Social Environmental Expert, for JICA-sponsored Feasibility Study. November 2001 – December 2002. Kulekhani-III hydropower project, Nepal. Upgrading Nepal Electricity Authority’s existing EIA, to include a Resettlement Plan (RP) and Social Action Plan (SAP).
World Bank-Financed Nam Theun 2 Hydropower Project Preparation Studies. July 2001. Resettlement Specialist. Updating Resettlement Action Plan (RAP). Meritec Engineers (New Zealand). [Postponed]
ADB-Financed, Zhejiang Shanxi Water Supply Project (Phase I). July 2000 – 2002. Resettlement Panel, Resettlement Expert. SEDC, Wenzhou, PRC. Reviewing implementation of 70,000 Person Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) in Zhejiang Province, as member of experts' panel, through field visits and survey of documentation.
TA-3207-TAJ Power Sector Development Study. June – July 2000. ADB, Tajikistan, Electrowatt Engineers. Preparation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Poverty Alleviation Action Plan.
ADB financed feasibility study Se San 3 Hydropower Project, Vietnam. January – May 2000. For Worley Engineers, New Zealand. Preparation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Minority Peoples Development Plan (MPDP).
International Resources Group (IRG), Washington, DC. April 1999 to Present. Task Leader for Environmental and Social Assessments of the Private Sector Hydropower Development Project of the Electricity Develop Centre, Ministry of Water Resources, Nepal. Preparing Social Impact Assessment (SAP) guidelines for private hydropower development in Nepal.
Worley Engineers, New Zealand. April 1999 to Present. Sociologist for the World Bank-funded Lao Hydropower Development Strategy Study in the Lao PDR. Development of Social Impact Criteria for Ranking of Hydropower Projects and Preparation of National Guidelines For Hydropower Development Related Resettlement, Social Participation, Social Action Plans.
Harza Engineers, Chicago, IL. January 1999 to Present. R Resettlement Consultant for the ADB Feasibility Study of the Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Project, Shirjiazhuang, Hebei Province, Peoples Republic of China. Preparation of Resettlement Action Plan (RAP).
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). August 1998-Present. Social and Environment Expert Study Team for Nam Ngiep-1 Hydroelectric Power Project in the LAO PDR. Preparation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA), Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) and Indigenous Peoples Development Plan (IPDP).
Asian Development Bank, Sociological Advisor, Yunnan Dachaoshan Power Transmission Project (Yunnan Province). January/June, 1998. Prepared and supervised socio-economic survey and assisted in development of Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) for Dachaoshan Hydrelectric Power Station, China.
PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP, Principal Consultant, for Management Consulting Services (MCS). 1997-Present. Dr. Ragsdale has prepared the Environmental and Social Framework for the World Bank-financed Private Sector Infrastructure Development Company (PSIDC) in Sri Lanka and will advise PSIDC on social assessment processing of its infrastructure projects through the year 2002; and supervised preparation of Draft Environmental and Social Assessment Guidelines Manual for Bangladesh Infrastructure Development Company (BIDC).
Independent Panel of Experts, Nam Leuk Hydropower Project, Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, Social Development Specialist member of the Panel of Experts. 1997 to 2000. Dr. Ragsdale's assignment is to oversee on behalf of the Lao PDR Government and the Asian Development Bank the social impacts of the project and the implementation of social development programs, including a conservation and development program in the Phuo Khao Khouay National Biodiversity Conservation Area, where the project is located, through a fund set up from electricity sales.
Multinational Environment and Social Assessment Services (MESAS), Principal. July 1995-present.
* Dr. Ragsdale carried out the social assessment for the Power Sector Environmental Impact Assessment for the World Bank Power Rehabilitation Project, including initiating a resettlement rehabilitation program for the over 50,000 Gwembe Tonga tribals displaced by the Kariba Hydropower Dam built in the late 1950s.
* In China, Dr. Ragsdale made initial impact assessments for the Asian Development Bank of social impacts of the Hongjiadu Hydroelectric (Guizhou Province) and Zhanghewan Pumped Storage (Hebei Province) Projects and for Harza Engineering (Chicago) and Electricitie de France supervised resettlement planning for the latter project.
* In India, Dr. Ragsdale supervised World Bank projects, including the National Thermal Power Corporation's (NTPC) Power Generation Project (PGP); the Hyderabad Water Supply and Sanitation Project (Andhra Pradesh), the Upper Krishna II Irrigation Project (Karnataka), Nathpa Jakhri Hydroelectric Power Project (Himichal Pradesh);,Lower Periyar Hydroelectric Project (Kerala), the Coal Sector Rehabilitation Project; and the Tamil Nadu Urban Development Project. Dr. Ragsdale's NTPC oversight assignments included project preparation and supervision missions for: Farakka (W. Bengal), Talcher (Orissa), Dhadri (Uttar Pradesh), Korba (Madhya Pradesh), Ramagundam (Andhra Pradesh), Singrauli (Uttar Pradesh), Rihand (Uttar Pradesh), and Vindhyachal (Madhya Pradesh) Super Thermal Power Stations.
* Dr. Ragsdale participated in the ADB's fact finding mission for the Kali Gandaki ëA' Hydropower Project in Nepal, where he participated in the Pre-Board Preparation Mission for the Arun III Hydroelectric Dam and prepared the draft management response to the World Bank Inspectorate comments on the Arun III. Dr. Ragsdale has also prepared bids for social assessment and resettlement work for Harza Consulting Engineers, on the Nam Theun 2 Hydroelectric Project in Laos, where he made an in-country visit as bid finalists for preparing Environmental Assessment and Management Plan (EAMP), and for the Langtan Hydropower Project (70,000 resettlement) in Guangzhou, Guangdong Provinces, China.
* World Bank, Resident Mission at New Delhi, India, Resettlement And Rehabilitation (R&R) Team Leader, July 1993-July 1994 in India, supervising and training a staff for managing the country portfolio of some sixteen projects affecting about a million villagers throughout India. The assignment included, inter alia, identification of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and other agencies for Resettlement Action Plan (RAPs) surveys, design, and implementation; institutional strengthening for preparing RAPs; establishment of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and Geographic Information System (GIS)-based RAP information management systems; public participation strategies; and review of land acquisition, compensation, and income generation programs across India. The assignment concluded with preparation of a comprehensive World Bank review, Resettlement and Rehabilitation in India: A Status Update of Projects Involving Resettlement, 2 Vols. (Apr 1994).
Ragsdale Associates, Social Assessment Consultant. September 1990 through June 1993.
* Dr. Ragsdale participated in a Pre-appraisal mission for NTPC which included recommendations and TOR for establishing an Environment and Social Unit in NTPC and for meeting World Bank guidelines for resettlement, including a comprehensive 'retrofitting' R&R program for population displacement occurring prior to the loan period. Extensive supervision missions included, inter alia, identification of NGOs for R&R implementation; institutional strengthening and training recommendations; implementation of a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) based computerized Acquisition and Resettlement Management System (ARMS); assessment of income generating and livelihood schemes; technical assistance for preparation of socioeconomic surveys and public participation strategies; identification of appropriate research institutions for carrying out socioeconomic surveys; and review of socioeconomic surveys and of R&R programs for each Super Thermal Power Project (STTP) site.
* Dr. Ragsdale was involved in the planning, supervision and evaluation of virtually all of the social impact assessment and planning for Nepal's major hydroelectric schemes, including the Kulekhani, Marsyangdi, Karnali-Chisopani, Upper Arun, Arun III, Pancheswar and Kali Gandaki; and he co-authored Nepal: Land Acquisition and Resettlement Profile. Background Report. Washington, DC: World Bank (1991). As the Resettlement Specialist for the Arun III Hydroelectric project preparation, Dr. Ragsdale participated in the project appraisal, the project pre-appraisal, and the project preparation missions, included preparing Global Environmental Facility (GEF) proposal for Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area in upper Arun Valley and terms of reference for and supervision of King Mahendra Trust Arun III Basinwide Environmental and Socioeconomic Impacts Study.
* As Resettlement Specialist for Sardar Sarovar Dam and Power Project, Water Delivery and Drainage Project in India, Dr. Ragsdale led a team monitoring World Bank benchmarks to avoid Project suspension, was a member of a post-Independent Review (the Sardar Sarover Morse Report of 1992) team to India to map World Bank strategy for the project, and reviewed Canal Affected People (CAP) Issues. Dr. Ragsdale's assignments included policy and legislation review; field work for monitoring ongoing R&R programs; and regular reports to World Bank management appraising them of progress in meeting established R&R benchmarks.
* As Resettlement Specialist for the Upper Arun Hydroelectric Project, in Nepal for World Bank and Morrison Knudsen Corporation, Dr. Ragsdale conducted field research to make EIA recommendations for social impacts and population displacement mitigation measures, including design changes of access road to minimize agricultural land take. As the Resettlement Specialist for the Pancheswar Multipurpose Project Resettlement Study in Nepal for the World Bank and Morrison Knutsen Corporation, Dr. Ragsdale made a two week trekking reconnaissance field survey and report up the inaccessible Mahakali River in Far Western Nepal. His report included still photography and video that illustrated potential social and population displacement impacts from helicopter flyover and from ground perspective within the reservoir communities. Dr. Ragsdale's team of two Nepalese anthropologists quantified assets losses as well as community and population displacement within the 110 km long reservoir area, on the Nepalese side of the border. The final report recommended measures for a future socioeconomic survey including TOR.
* Dr. Ragsdale was the Team Leader and Institutions Specialist for the UNDP/ILO Special Public Works Programs (SPWP) and Capacity Building Project in Department of Irrigation in Nepal, making extensive field visit across Nepal to assess the ILO's hill irrigation programs in Nepal and of traditional institutions managing hill irrigation and to make recommendations for institutional strengthening and future policy initiatives.
* Dr. Ragsdale was also the Team Leader and Institutions Specialist for the Community Forestry Evaluation Mission in Nepal for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Dr. Ragsdale carried out an evaluative review of the UNDP program for community forestry in Nepal, including extensive field visits across Nepal, interviews with forestry officials at all levels and with other agencies involved in forestry programs in Nepal, a country-wide review of forestry institutions, and extensive recommendations for institutional strengthening and legal and policy changes to improve community forestry in Nepal.
* World Bank, Washington, DC, Long-term Social Assessment Consultant, April 1987 through July 1990, in the Environment Assessments and Programs Division (ENVAP), participating in various projects in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, India for resettlement/rehabilitation components of Bank projects on preparation, supervision, evaluation missions. Researching and writing comprehensive review of resettlement in Bank-financed projects.
Consultant for Demographic and Socio-economic Context of Planned Population Redistribution of Nomads, Somalia for International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva, Switzerland, Dr. Ragsdale researched and co-authored book chapter reviewing the demographic and socioeconomic context of planned population redistribution of nomads to agricultural and fishing resettlement schemes in Somalia following the 1974 Sahel drought. Co-author with Abdullahi Scek Ali. "A Case Study of the Somalia Resettlement Program for Nomads," in A.S. Oberai, ed, Land Settlement Policies and Population Redistribution in Developing Countries: Achievements, Problems, and Prospects. NY: Praeger (1988).
Research Associate conducting Demographic Research for Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, from 1983 through 1984. Dr. Ragsdale managed a USAID-funded field survey and co-authored the final project report examining the demographic, social and economic impact of agricultural and fishing resettlement schemes for Somalia's nomadic population, designing socioeconomic survey questionnaire and sampling and field methodologies, recruiting and leading a 20 member survey team in four former-Nomad resettlement sites of nearly 100,000 population across Somalia, data processing and analysis, review of secondary and primary source materials, and final report writing, over a three year period. Dr. Ragsdale authored the Demographic and Socio-economic Context of Planned Population Redistribution of Nomads, Somalia for USAID and the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA (1984).
Dr. Ragsdale has held teaching positions at Duke University, and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, was a Research Scholar, conducting Ph.D. ethnographic fieldwork and dissertation research of a tribal (Gurung) village in Western (published as Once a Hermit Kingdom: Ethnicity, Education, and National Integration in Nepal, New Delhi: Manohar Publishers, 1989) and was a community development American Peace Corps Volunteer in Nepal, where he established a town planning and community development program in urban community in Eastern Nepal, supervised road construction for an access road to town and established a public health campaign.
Technical Skills Extensive Computer Literacy, including, Microsoft Word, WordPerfect, Powerpoint, MS Project, Excel, Lotus, HTML Language; Internet, Hot Dog, Dreamweaver (Dr. Ragsdale is the MESAS site Web Master).
Select Publications and Papers Delivered
2001-1995 Minority People's Development Plan for Proposed Se San 3 Hydropower Project, Vietnam. Panel of Expert Reports for ADB-Financed, Zhejiang Shanxi Water Supply Project (Phase I). Environment and Social Framework for the World Bank-financed Private Sector Infrastructure Development Company (PSIDC) of Sri Lanka, October; Social Development Specialist, Panel of Experts Reports for Asian Development Bank-financed Nam Leuk Hydropower Project, Lao PDR; Resettlement Issues in China for WaterPower 97, August 1997 in Atlanta, Georgia, with John Bizer of Harza Engineering. World Bank, "Land Tenure Insecurity and Urban Electrification in Zambia," paper for AF1EI; August (1997);
Proposal for Development of Environmental and Social Assessment Capability for Community Power Corporation's Solar Power Operations in Indonesia (November 1996) "Discussion Paper Towards a Social and Environmental Mitigation Action Program For the Coal-Based Industrial and Energy Development of Singrauli Region, India," World Bank, SA2EG; (March 1996); "Training Material Based on Hyderabad Water Supply and Sanitation Project" for World Bank, Economic Development Institute (EDI), (February 1995). "Japanese Policy and Human Resources Development Fund Technical Assistance Funding Proposal," (April 1995).
1994 Contributing Author of Resettlement and Rehabilitation in India, A Status Update of Projects Involving Involuntary Resettlement. 2 Vols. India Department, South Asia Region, April 22.
1991 Co-author with Augusta Molnar, Land Acquisition and Resettlement: Issues and Procedures in Nepal. Draft Working Paper. Washington, DC: World Bank. February. Nepal: Resettlement Experience. Background report. Washington, DC: World Bank. January. "Socioeconomic Impacts of Upper Arun Hydroelectric Project, Nepal," for Morrison Knudsen Engineers, Feasibility Study. April. Book Review of Nanda R. Shrestha, Landlessness and Migration in Nepal. (Westview Press, 1990) for American Anthropologist. April. "Gurungs, Gorkhalis, Gurkhas: A Speculative Ethnohistory in Nepal," Contributions to Nepalese Studies. August. "Field Methods Seminar: Use of the Camcorder in Development Fieldwork," Abt Associates, Thursday, September 19.
1990 Nepal: Land Acquisition and Resettlement Profile. Background report. Washington, DC: World Bank. October. "Socioeconomic and Cultural Issues of the Pancheswar Multipurpose Project, Far Western Nepal," in Pancheswar Multipurpose Project Seminar of July 1989, Kathmandu, Nepal. Convened by Morrison Knudsen Corporation. "The Evaluation of Resettlement Planning and Implementation: Lessons of Experience from OED Reports," Draft Document. World Bank. Co-author with Amy O. Tsui, Aden I Shirwa, "The Settlement of Somali Nomads," Genus, June.
1989 Once a Hermit Kingdom: Ethnicity, Education and National Integration in Nepal. New Delhi: Manohar Publishers: New Delhi.
1988 Co-author with Abdullahi Scek Ali. "A Case Study of the Somalia Resettlement Program for Nomads," in A.S. Oberai, ed., Land Settlement Policies and Population Redistribution in Developing Countries: Achievements, Problems, and Prospects. NY: Praeger.
1984 "The Demographic and Socioeconomic Aspects of the Resettlement of Nomads in Somalia, Project Report," Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC.
1981 "The American Peace Corps and Public Health Education in Nepal," presented at the seminar on Comparative Studies in Rural Health, Center for International Studies, Duke University; 1979 "Ethnicity and Educational Change: The Gurungs of Nepal and the New Education Plan," Dissertation Abstracts, Ann Arbor, Michigan; 1977 "Military Education and Social Change Among the Gurungs of Nepal," presented at the Comparative and International Education Society annual meeting, New Orleans; 1975 "Patterns of Education and Literacy in a Village Panchayat of Central Nepal," Contributions to Nepalese Studies, Special Coronation Issue, vol. 2, no. 1, February.
1996 "Nepal: Kali Gandaki "A" Hydropower Project (Proposed) Fact Finding Mission Completion Report," February. "China: Longtan Proposal Resettlement: Technical Proposal," March. "China: Detailed Outline of Resettlement Planning Report (1996) for Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Power Plant (ZPSPP)," July. "Laos: Proposal for Nam Theun 2 Preparation of Environmental Assessment and Management Plan," December.
1995 "Japanese Policy and Human Resources Development Fund Technical Assistance Funding Proposal," April. Zambia: "Social Analysis section of Sectoral Environmental Assessment (SEA) and paper "Land Tenure Insecurity and Urban Electrification in Zambia." June-August, October. India: Training Material based on Hyderabad Water Supply and Sanitation Project and Midterm Project Review Mission progress report on the resettlement and rehabilitation planning process, January-March; December, September. China: "Preliminary Review of Resettlement Plans for Guizhou Hongjiadu Hydropower Project for ADB," June. China: "Preliminary Review of Resettlement Plans for Hebei Zhanghewan Pumped-Storage Project, for ADB, May. Washington, DC: Japanese Policy and Human Resources Development Fund Technical Assistance Funding Proposal; Discussion Paper "Towards a Social and Environmental Mitigation Action Program For the Coal-Based Industrial and Energy Development of Singrauli Region, India, March-April.
1994 R&R sections of Project Completion Report for Sardar Sarovar (Narmada) Dam and Power. Field trip, back to office, supervision reports for, inter alia, Upper Krishna II Irrigation Project; Hyderabad Water and Sanitation Project; six National Thermal Power Generation Project Thermal Power Plants (Farakka, Talcher, Rihand, Vindhyachal, Singrauli, Ramagundam); Kerala (Lower Periyar) Hydropower Project; Nathpa Jhakri Hydropower Project; and proposed Coal Sector Rehabilitation Project.
1992-93 Aide-Memoire, Arun III Appraisal Mission, Nepal, June 1993; Monitoring Report, Sardar Sarovar, Narmada, April 1993. Back-to-Office Report, September 22, Sardar Sarovar Dam and Power Project (Cr. 1552/Ln. 2497-IN) and Water Delivery and Drainage Project (Cr. 1553-IN) Supervision Mission; Back-to-Office Report, May 9: World Bank Supervision and Pre-Appraisal Resettlement under Thermal Power Projects Ramagundam, Farakka, Korba and Talcher and Pre-appraisal of Electric Power Systems Project, March 16 to April 19, 1992; Mission Evaluation Mission Report on Special Public Works Programs (SPWP), NEP/85/009 and Capacity Building in the Department of Irrigation, NEP/90/034 for UNDP, March.
1991 Aide Memoire socioeconomic & environment components for IDA Power Subsector Missions to Nepal, February-April; July-August -- continuation of work from 1988-90; Aide Memoire, preparation of Global Environment Facility for creation of Makalu-Barun National Park in Nepal, November- December; "Narmada River Development (Gujarat) Sardar Sarovar Projects: Review of Canal Affected People (CAP) Issues," India, December.
1990 Aide Memoire socioeconomic & environment components for IDA Power Subsector Missions to Nepal, February-April and July; Team leader, Evaluation Report UNDP/FAO mission, Community Forestry, Nepal, November-December; Team leader, fieldwork and preparation for Marsyangdi Watershed Management Plan component of Yellow Cover Appraisal of Power Sector Efficiency Project, Nepal. World Bank; Team leader, Socioeconomic and Resettlement Reconnaissance Field Survey, Pancheswar Multipurpose Project, Pre-feasibility Studies. Morrison Knudsen Corporation; Biosystems Analysis, Inc., San Francisco and Tiburon, CA.
1989 Aide Memoire components for IDA Power Subsector Missions to Nepal, April-May. Supervision Marsyangdi, Karnali, Arun III. Participated in negotiations and writing TOR for King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation contract for Arun III: Management of Basinwide Environmental Impacts Study; Inception Report, June, components on socioeconomics and resettlement, Pancheswar Multipurpose Project, pre-feasibility. Morrison Knudsen Corporation; Biosystems Analysis, Inc. San Francisco and Tiburon, CA.
1988 Report for IDA Power Subsector Mission to Nepal, January - February. Reviewing status of resettlement covenants of DCA for Marsyangdi Hydroelectric Project; Karnali Preparation Project resettlement baseline study; Arun-3, Upper Arun Hydroelectric Projects, and Arun-3 Access Road resettlement, land acquisition/compensation components (detailed engineering/feasibility studies); Back-to-Office Report, India: States Road Project, Appraisal Mission, June - July. Assessing resettlement/rehabilitation provisions for land acquisition under proposed States Road Project. Visited Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat. Back-to-Office Report for IDA Mission to Sri Lanka, October. To review progress made on the environmental and resettlement aspects of the pre-feasibility (phase 1) studies of the Kalu Ganga Multipurpose Project; Back-to-Office Report for IDA Mission to Nepal, October - November. Resettlement aspects of preparation of the Arun III Hydroelectric Project; input into TOR of Arun III Management of Basinwide Environmental Impacts Study; supervision of the Marsyangdi Hydroelectric Project; supervision of the Karnali Multipurpose Project.
Academic Honors and Fellowships 1971-75 Title VI National Defense Educational Act Language Program Fellowship
1971 American Institute of Indian Studies Summer Language Program Fellowship
1972 Fulbright Hayes Fellowship; Duke University Research Travel Grant; Shell Foundation Research Fellowship
Society for Applied Anthropology
Society for International Development
Kappa Delta Pi, Honor Society in Education
Comparative and International Education Society
American Anthropological Association
Washington Association of Professional Anthropologists
References Available upon request.
Personal Data Excellent health
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