January 1, 1999: Headlines: COS - Bolivia: COS - Peru: Photography: Our World: Peru RPCV Daniel Buck has researched Pioneer Photography in Bolivia 1840 - 1930s

Peace Corps Online: Directory: Bolivia: Peace Corps Bolivia : The Peace Corps in Bolivia: January 1, 1999: Headlines: COS - Bolivia: COS - Peru: Photography: Our World: Peru RPCV Daniel Buck has researched Pioneer Photography in Bolivia 1840 - 1930s

By Admin1 (admin) (pool-141-157-13-244.balt.east.verizon.net - on Sunday, January 16, 2005 - 1:15 pm: Edit Post

Peru RPCV Daniel Buck has researched Pioneer Photography in Bolivia 1840 - 1930s

Peru RPCV Daniel Buck has researched Pioneer Photography in Bolivia 1840 - 1930s

Peru RPCV Daniel Buck has researched Pioneer Photography in Bolivia 1840 - 1930s

Pioneer Photography in Bolivia:
Directory of Daguerreotypists & Photographers, 1840s-1930s

by Daniel Buck
Copyright © 1999


The roots of photography are deep in Bolivia. Amateur daguerreotypists were on the scene by the late 1840s, and professional photography studios had opened in Sucre, Cochabamba, and La Paz by the early 1850s. Daguerre himself is said to have provided the young Tomás Frías, who later became president, with a daguerreotype outfit. Over the ensuing decades, cartes de visite, cabinet cards, stereographs, and postcards became as fashionable on the altiplano as they were elsewhere in the world.

A few of the Bolivia's pioneer image makers--the Corderos, Luis Gismondi, Arthur Posnansky, and Rodolfo Torrico Zamudio, for example--are familiar, even celebrated, today. But the names of the vast majority--Victor Crespo, Georges B. von Grumbkow, Guillermo Manning, Moisés Valdéz, Ricardo Villaalba, are largely unrecognized. Some, like the German Georges B. von Grumbkow, worked a few years in Bolivia and then apparently went home. Their names survive only in monographs or in folders of prints in museum vaults. Others, like Ricardo Villaalba, all but forgotten in his native Bolivia, made hundreds of cartes de visite of highland Indians that can found in museum collections in the United States and Europe. Born in Corocoro, Pacajes province, he had opened a studio in La Paz by the 1860s. Reversing the pattern of photographers who came to Bolivia from abroad, Villaalba relocated to Arequipa, Peru, in the 1870s, and to Paris in the late 1880s.

Even Moisés Valdéz, who documented the mining camps in the furthest reaches of the Potosí department in the 1880s and 1890s, is virtually unknown. Local photographers, such as Manuel Maria Zapata in Totora or M. García in Cochabamba, devoted their careers to portraits commemorating family events such as weddings, first communions, and graduations, generally made in their small studios on the central plazas of their hometowns. When their studios closed, their negatives were thrown out; the photographers and their work vanished.

The purpose of this directory is to shed light on this terra incognita: to identify the names and places and periods of activity of the daguerreotypists and photographers--professional and amateur, native-born and foreign, resident and itinerant--who worked in Bolivia during the country's first century of photography.

Data for the directory was taken from imprints, inscriptions, and dedications on photographs in private collections, on museum walls, and in institutional archives. Antique postcards were scoured for clues. (Even though postcard publishers were not necessarily photographers, their names have been included because they played a key supporting role in the evolution of the photography trade.) Commercial guides, newspapers, travel and mountaineering accounts, and the growing literature on the history of Bolivian photography were reviewed. Experts on Bolivian culture were queried. In all, nearly 400 photographers, studios, and postcard publishers were identified.

When this story was posted in January 2005, this was on the front page of PCOL:

Coleman: Peace Corps mission and expansion Date: January 8 2005 No: 373 Coleman: Peace Corps mission and expansion
Senator Norm Coleman, Chairman of the Senate Subcommittee that oversees the Peace Corps, says in an op-ed, A chance to show the world America at its best: "Even as that worthy agency mobilizes a "Crisis Corps" of former Peace Corps volunteers to assist with tsunami relief, I believe an opportunity exists to rededicate ourselves to the mission of the Peace Corps and its expansion to touch more and more lives."
RPCVs active in new session of Congress Date: January 8 2005 No: 374 RPCVs active in new session of Congress
In the new session of Congress that begins this week, RPCV Congressman Tom Petri has a proposal to bolster Social Security, Sam Farr supported the objection to the Electoral College count, James Walsh has asked for a waiver to continue heading a powerful Appropriations subcommittee, Chris Shays will no longer be vice chairman of the Budget Committee, and Mike Honda spoke on the floor honoring late Congressman Robert Matsui.

January 8, 2005: This Week's Top Stories Date: January 8 2005 No: 367 January 8, 2005: This Week's Top Stories
Zambia RPCV Karla Berg interviews 1,374 people on Peace 7 Jan
Breaking Taboo, Mandela Says Son Died of AIDS 6 Jan
Dreadlocked PCV raises eyebrows in Africa 6 Jan
RPCV Jose Ravano directs CARE's efforts in Sri Lanka 6 Jan
Persuading Retiring Baby Boomers to Volunteer 6 Jan
Inventor of "Drown Proofing" retires 6 Jan
NPCA Membership approves Board Changes 5 Jan
Timothy Shriver announces "Rebuild Hope Fund" 5 Jan
More Water Bottles, Fewer Bullets 4 Jan
Poland RPCV Rebecca Parker runs Solterra Books 2 Jan
Peace Corps Fund plans event for September 30 Dec
RPCV Carmen Bailey recounts bout with cerebral malaria 28 Dec
more top stories...

RPCVs and Peace Corps provide aid  Date: January 4 2005 No: 366 Latest: RPCVs and Peace Corps provide aid
Peace Corps made an appeal last week to all Thailand RPCV's to consider serving again through the Crisis Corps and more than 30 RPCVs have responded so far. RPCVs: Read what an RPCV-led NGO is doing about the crisis an how one RPCV is headed for Sri Lanka to help a nation he grew to love. Question: Is Crisis Corps going to send RPCVs to India, Indonesia and nine other countries that need help?
The World's Broken Promise to our Children Date: December 24 2004 No: 345 The World's Broken Promise to our Children
Former Director Carol Bellamy, now head of Unicef, says that the appalling conditions endured today by half the world's children speak to a broken promise. Too many governments are doing worse than neglecting children -- they are making deliberate, informed choices that hurt children. Read her op-ed and Unicef's report on the State of the World's Children 2005.
Changing of the Guard Date: December 15 2004 No: 330 Changing of the Guard
With Lloyd Pierson's departure, Marie Wheat has been named acting Chief of Staff and Chief of Operations responsible for the day-to-day management of the Peace Corps. Although Wheat is not an RPCV and has limited overseas experience, in her two years at the agency she has come to be respected as someone with good political skills who listens and delegates authority and we wish her the best in her new position.
Our debt to Bill Moyers Our debt to Bill Moyers
Former Peace Corps Deputy Director Bill Moyers leaves PBS next week to begin writing his memoir of Lyndon Baines Johnson. Read what Moyers says about journalism under fire, the value of a free press, and the yearning for democracy. "We have got to nurture the spirit of independent journalism in this country," he warns, "or we'll not save capitalism from its own excesses, and we'll not save democracy from its own inertia."
RPCV safe after Terrorist Attack RPCV safe after Terrorist Attack
RPCV Gina Abercrombie-Winstanley, the U.S. consul general in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia survived Monday's attack on the consulate without injury. Five consular employees and four others were killed. Abercrombie-Winstanley, the first woman to hold the position, has been an outspoken advocate of rights for Arab women and has met with Saudi reformers despite efforts by Saudi leaders to block the discussions.
Is Gaddi Leaving? Is Gaddi Leaving?
Rumors are swirling that Peace Corps Director Vasquez may be leaving the administration. We think Director Vasquez has been doing a good job and if he decides to stay to the end of the administration, he could possibly have the same sort of impact as a Loret Ruppe Miller. If Vasquez has decided to leave, then Bob Taft, Peter McPherson, Chris Shays, or Jody Olsen would be good candidates to run the agency. Latest: For the record, Peace Corps has no comment on the rumors.
The Birth of the Peace Corps The Birth of the Peace Corps
UMBC's Shriver Center and the Maryland Returned Volunteers hosted Scott Stossel, biographer of Sargent Shriver, who spoke on the Birth of the Peace Corps. This is the second annual Peace Corps History series - last year's speaker was Peace Corps Director Jack Vaughn.

Read the stories and leave your comments.

Some postings on Peace Corps Online are provided to the individual members of this group without permission of the copyright owner for the non-profit purposes of criticism, comment, education, scholarship, and research under the "Fair Use" provisions of U.S. Government copyright laws and they may not be distributed further without permission of the copyright owner. Peace Corps Online does not vouch for the accuracy of the content of the postings, which is the sole responsibility of the copyright holder.

Story Source: Our World

This story has been posted in the following forums: : Headlines; COS - Bolivia; COS - Peru; Photography



Add a Message

This is a public posting area. Enter your username and password if you have an account. Otherwise, enter your full name as your username and leave the password blank. Your e-mail address is optional.