January 6, 2005: Headlines: COS - Indonesia: Directors - Bellamy: Tsunami: United Nations: Unesco: Australian Broadcasting Corporation: Former Peace Corps Director Carol Bellamy talks with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation about Australian aid to Indonesia

Peace Corps Online: Directory: Indonesia: Peace Corps Indonesia: The Peace Corps in Indonesia: January 6, 2005: Headlines: COS - Indonesia: Directors - Bellamy: Tsunami: United Nations: Unesco: Australian Broadcasting Corporation: Former Peace Corps Director Carol Bellamy talks with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation about Australian aid to Indonesia

By Admin1 (admin) (pool-151-196-43-253.balt.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, January 08, 2005 - 10:08 am: Edit Post

Former Peace Corps Director Carol Bellamy talks with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation about Australian aid to Indonesia

Former Peace Corps Director Carol Bellamy talks with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation about Australian aid to Indonesia

Former Peace Corps Director Carol Bellamy talks with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation about Australian aid to Indonesia

Unclear whether aid packages will meet the needs of children: UNICEF

Reporter: Mark Bannerman

MARK BANNERMAN: The other key focus of talks in Jakarta today has been the form of aid needed to assist children caught in the disaster area. Many countries have given big sums of money, but is it tailored to help the most vulnerable - the thousands of children orphaned or separated from their parents? To answer those questions, I spoke with Carol Bellamy, the Executive Director of UNICEF, the United Nations body responsible for the welfare of children.

MARK BANNERMAN: Carol Bellamy, we've heard about Australia's aid package for Indonesia and Aceh. Now, as the Executive Director of UNICEF, what's your general reaction to it?

CAROL BELLAMY (EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, UNICEF): Well, I think Australia, once again, is demonstrating that it's prepared to assist, not only in financial assistance but also with true humanitarian aid. I ran into a number of the Australian doctors sent here by the government when I was up in Banda Aceh yesterday, and they are really doing a terrific job.

MARK BANNERMAN: Do you think it's the right thing for Australia to concentrate on Indonesia, as it has?

CAROL BELLAMY: Well, I think that this is a choice that the bilateral donors, as we call them - the governments - can make. I don't think that it is wrong, given how near Indonesia is, and frankly, given the fact that by far the greatest death toll and therefore the greatest displacement is in Indonesia. I hope, certainly through those that will contribute from multi-lateral agencies, that we'll be able to respond to the problems in all of the countries.

MARK BANNERMAN: So is it clear to you yet that this package announced by Australia and others - by America and, say, Germany - have acknowledged the special needs of children?

CAROL BELLAMY: Well, no, it's not clear, but I think that most of these countries have shown some interest in children in the past. We certainly are advocating that, really, you ought to anchor the response in children, given the age of most of these countries, which is a low age. At least 30 per cent of the population of all of these countries is 18 or below, and in some cases it's up to 40 per cent.

MARK BANNERMAN: So in those terms, what kind of role would you like UNICEF to play in Aceh? Is it clear there's a role for you, and that Australia acknowledges that, too?

CAROL BELLAMY: Well, UNICEF is part of the UN. The UN is on the ground. We were on the ground even before this happened. UNICEF is leading in a number of the sectoral areas, working with NGOs and other bilateral partners, for example, focusing on water and sanitation for kids in the camps, focusing on getting kids back into school, focusing on keeping them alive - I mean, we're just starting in Aceh a measles immunisation campaign - and also focusing on trying to protect these children, particularly the ones who've lost parents, so that they are not exploited.

MARK BANNERMAN: Now, in relation to today's meeting, many of the countries have shown their hand. What else would you like to come out of the summit?

CAROL BELLAMY: Well, I don't think this meeting is set necessarily to be breaking news. I think it is to take account of what has been pledged, to have a public acknowledgement of it, which will make it more appropriate to hold these governments and others to the pledges they have made. I think it is a good opportunity to identify some of the gaps. Certainly, on behalf of the UN agencies - and I'm now talking about my colleague agencies like the World Food Program, the World Health Organisation and UNICEF - the Secretary-General will be launching the appeal from the UN agencies today, so we will be able to focus on some of these key areas, such as children, such as basic health, such as getting kids back into school, child protection. So these issues, I hope, will be on the agenda.

MARK BANNERMAN: There have been suggestions, of course, that in the unilateral way that aid has been pledged, that in some respects the United Nations has been kept out of that. Do you get any sense of that?

CAROL BELLAMY: Well, I know there has been some discussion, but you know, whatever people think about the United Nations - and I'd be the last one to say it's perfect; it sure isn't - I think there is no question that when it comes to humanitarian emergencies, the UN is one of THE most critical players. The fact is, even on the ground in Aceh or in Sri Lanka, a lot of non-governmental organisations, a lot of governments, but the fact is, the UN agencies, for the most part, are doing the coordinating in the general sectoral areas, whether it is food, whether it is getting the fisheries going again or whether it is getting kids into school.

MARK BANNERMAN: So do you feel excluded at this point in any way?

CAROL BELLAMY: No, I don't. I don't think that that will occur. Of course governments in some cases are going to put the money directly; of course they're going to put the money through some of their own non-governmental organisations. But the fact is there is no humanitarian emergency in the world today where the UN is not a key major player.

MARK BANNERMAN: Now, you have talked about a tsunami generation, I think. What does that mean exactly, and what are the implications of it?

CAROL BELLAMY: Well, for us the tsunami generation is that huge number of children who we now need to focus on - the children who are alive, who've come through this disaster and are alive. We need to keep them alive, but we need to help create an environment where they will have a good life ahead of them, or at least a decent life. So it means not only avoiding big disease break-outs now, but beginning to set the stage so that these children really can have a future. Get them back to family members if they've lost their parents; immediately try and reunite them with extended family members. Fight hard to make sure that they get to go to school as schools are opening around this region right now. Provide the kind of trauma counselling that might be necessary. You can do that through community workers, you can do that through teachers. These are the kinds of things that will set the stage for these children, never forgetting what happened, but being able to head into the future and have a real life.

MARK BANNERMAN: Do you believe we can minimise the exploitation of children, because we're told already it's happening. I mean, can that be done?

CAROL BELLAMY: It is an issue. I think that there are already actions taking place to try and minimise the exploitation. For example, again, here in Indonesia, while there have been some reports of attempts to start trafficking children, for one only assumes - well, done by criminals, and one only assumes for bad purposes, the fact is the government already has put a moratorium - temporary, but a moratorium - on adoptions of children from Aceh until it can be determined how many children have lost their parents and whether they are with other extended family members. The best way for these children, if they've lost their parents, is at least to remain with their own family before they're taken somewhere. UNICEF is working with the government to do this. We're already registering children so that we can try and reunify them with their family members. But it is a big worry that there are bad elements out there. It's like looters taking advantage of the darkness. We can't let that happen to these children.

MARK BANNERMAN: Carol Bellamy, thank you very much for talking with us tonight.

When this story was posted in January 2005, this was on the front page of PCOL:

Peace Corps issues appeal to Thailand RPCVs Date: December 30 2004 No: 354 Peace Corps issues appeal to Thailand RPCVs
Peace Corps is currently assessing the situation in Thailand, anticipates a need for volunteers and is making an appeal to all Thailand RPCV's to consider serving again through the Crisis Corps. Also read this message and this message from RPCVs in Thailand. All PCVs serving in Thailand are safe. Latest: Sri Lanka RPCVs, click here for info.

January 1, 2005: This Week's Top Stories Date: January 1 2005 No: 355 January 1, 2005: This Week's Top Stories
Lesotho RPCV starts "Touching Tiny Lives" 1 Jan
Guatemala RPCV was grassroots veterinarian 31 Dec
Reginald Hodges will head Durham Literacy Center 30 Dec
Ed Seidel is Director of Marine Resources Aquarium 30 Dec
PC wants happy, shiny faces without felony convictions 29 Dec
Newspaper says PC could go to India and Indonesia 29 Dec
Tom Johnson choses to spend Christmas in Sierra Leone 28 Dec
Barry Rosen helps compile textbooks for Afghanistan 28 Dec
Dorinda Dove learned to appreciate midwifery in Africa 28 Dec
RPCVs host Exhibition at University of Rochester 28 Dec
Mike Tidwell calls on Sierra Club Official to step down 28 Dec
RPCV says we can express patriotism as we see fit 26 Dec
more top stories...

The World's Broken Promise to our Children Date: December 24 2004 No: 345 The World's Broken Promise to our Children
Former Director Carol Bellamy, now head of Unicef, says that the appalling conditions endured today by half the world's children speak to a broken promise. Too many governments are doing worse than neglecting children -- they are making deliberate, informed choices that hurt children. Read her op-ed and Unicef's report on the State of the World's Children 2005.
Changing of the Guard Date: December 15 2004 No: 330 Changing of the Guard
With Lloyd Pierson's departure, Marie Wheat has been named acting Chief of Staff and Chief of Operations responsible for the day-to-day management of the Peace Corps. Although Wheat is not an RPCV and has limited overseas experience, in her two years at the agency she has come to be respected as someone with good political skills who listens and delegates authority and we wish her the best in her new position.
Our debt to Bill Moyers Our debt to Bill Moyers
Former Peace Corps Deputy Director Bill Moyers leaves PBS next week to begin writing his memoir of Lyndon Baines Johnson. Read what Moyers says about journalism under fire, the value of a free press, and the yearning for democracy. "We have got to nurture the spirit of independent journalism in this country," he warns, "or we'll not save capitalism from its own excesses, and we'll not save democracy from its own inertia."
RPCV safe after Terrorist Attack RPCV safe after Terrorist Attack
RPCV Gina Abercrombie-Winstanley, the U.S. consul general in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia survived Monday's attack on the consulate without injury. Five consular employees and four others were killed. Abercrombie-Winstanley, the first woman to hold the position, has been an outspoken advocate of rights for Arab women and has met with Saudi reformers despite efforts by Saudi leaders to block the discussions.
Is Gaddi Leaving? Is Gaddi Leaving?
Rumors are swirling that Peace Corps Director Vasquez may be leaving the administration. We think Director Vasquez has been doing a good job and if he decides to stay to the end of the administration, he could possibly have the same sort of impact as a Loret Ruppe Miller. If Vasquez has decided to leave, then Bob Taft, Peter McPherson, Chris Shays, or Jody Olsen would be good candidates to run the agency. Latest: For the record, Peace Corps has no comment on the rumors.
The Birth of the Peace Corps The Birth of the Peace Corps
UMBC's Shriver Center and the Maryland Returned Volunteers hosted Scott Stossel, biographer of Sargent Shriver, who spoke on the Birth of the Peace Corps. This is the second annual Peace Corps History series - last year's speaker was Peace Corps Director Jack Vaughn.
Charges possible in 1976 PCV slaying Charges possible in 1976 PCV slaying
Congressman Norm Dicks has asked the U.S. attorney in Seattle to consider pursuing charges against Dennis Priven, the man accused of killing Peace Corps Volunteer Deborah Gardner on the South Pacific island of Tonga 28 years ago. Background on this story here and here.
Your vote makes a difference Your vote makes a difference
Make a difference on November 2 - Vote. Then take our RPCV exit poll. See how RPCV's are voting and take a look at the RPCV voter demographic. Finally leave a message on why you voted for John Kerry or for George Bush. Previous poll results here.

Read the stories and leave your comments.

Some postings on Peace Corps Online are provided to the individual members of this group without permission of the copyright owner for the non-profit purposes of criticism, comment, education, scholarship, and research under the "Fair Use" provisions of U.S. Government copyright laws and they may not be distributed further without permission of the copyright owner. Peace Corps Online does not vouch for the accuracy of the content of the postings, which is the sole responsibility of the copyright holder.

Story Source: Australian Broadcasting Corporation

This story has been posted in the following forums: : Headlines; COS - Indonesia; Directors - Bellamy; Tsunami; United Nations; Unesco



Add a Message

This is a public posting area. Enter your username and password if you have an account. Otherwise, enter your full name as your username and leave the password blank. Your e-mail address is optional.